Canada, as a signatory to these conventions, has an obligation to transpose their provisions into its national legal framework.

On the federal level, Transport Canada, under the Canada Shipping Act (2001), has the mandate to oversee commercial navigation activities in Canadian waters to ensure they are secure and safe for the environment. More specifically, Transport Canada is responsible for the development and management of regulations, guidelines, various publications, programs and initiatives that focus on the prevention of pollution in maritime operations.

Canada has included most of the conventions’ provisions into the following federal regulations :